How Much Would ‘Huge Political Consequences’ From the Oil & Gas Industry Cost?

Jeffrey ErnstFriedman | January 11, 2012

Jan. 10, 2012 - Last week, the head of the American Petroleum Institute, Jack Gerard, delivered a message to President Obama: approve the Keystone XL pipeline or face "huge political consequences." As the president of an energy trade association that bills itself as the only national trade association representing all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry, Gerard could possess the clout to make good on his threat. In a recent two-year time frame, contributions to current members of the House of Representatives from individuals and PACs connected to the Oil & Gas industry have totaled nearly $12 million.

The decision on the Keystone pipeline has placed the White House between high-contributing environmental policy groups that oppose the creation of the pipeline and sagging poll numbers tied to a troubled economy that would benefit from the creation of new construction projects.

As of now, House Republicans have only been successful in forcing a decision, but not in determining the outcome. On July 26, 2011 the House of Representatives passed HR 1938, a bill that would direct the President to expedite the consideration and approval of the construction and operation of the Keystone XL oil pipeline, but the measure died in the Senate. However, as part of the payroll tax package signed into law, the White House will ultimately be required to make a decision on whether to approve the pipeline by Feb. 21, 2012. In the event that anyone forgets how long the President has had since the clock started ticking, the House Energy and Commerce Committee has provided one.

  • Of the 118 House members who have the Oil & Gas Industry amongst their top 10 contributing industry groups, only two representatives (Edward Markey and Charles Bass) voted against the deadline on the Keystone pipeline decision imposed in HR 1938.
  • Amongst the 195 House members who have the Oil & Gas industry amongst their top 20 contributing interest groups, only 10 voted against the deadline imposed in HR 1938.

Below is a contribution analysis compiled by MapLight revealing which lawmakers' campaign coffers would suffer the most from a retreat by interests connected to the Oil & Gas industry and, for reference, how those lawmakers voted on HR 1938. The first column in the table represents where the Oil & Gas industry ranks compared to other contributing industries. Contributions from political parties and from other candidates are not included in MapLight's "Top 10" lists.

Click here to download a spreadsheet with contributions from Oil & Gas to all current members of the House of Representatives (July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2011) and Senate (July 1, 2005 - June 30, 2011). The spreadsheet also includes contributions connected to Environmental protection interest groups.

Rank of Oil & Gas as a Contributing Interest Group Name Vote on HR 1938 Total (July 1, 2009 – June 30, 2011)
1st Rep. Steven Pearce [R, NM-2] AYE $370,020
  Rep. Mike Pompeo [R, KS-4] AYE $333,156
  Rep. Bill Flores [R, TX-17] AYE $266,184
  Rep. Cory Gardner [R, CO-4] AYE $205,124
  Rep. Dan Boren [D, OK-2] AYE $201,800
  Rep. John Sullivan [R, OK-1] AYE $179,200
  Rep. Jeff Landry [R, LA-3] AYE $176,050
  Rep. Tim Griffin [R, AR-2] AYE $164,709
  Rep. James Lankford [R, OK-5] AYE $156,760
  Rep. Rick Berg [R, ND-0] AYE $151,561
  Rep. Michael Conaway [R, TX-11] AYE $136,850
  Rep. Tim Murphy [R, PA-18] AYE $133,700
  Rep. Dennis Rehberg [R, MT-0] AYE $133,152
  Rep. Steve Scalise [R, LA-1] AYE $125,335
  Rep. Francisco Canseco [R, TX-23] AYE $121,767
  Rep. Pete Olson [R, TX-22] AYE $106,400
  Rep. Tom Cole [R, OK-4] AYE $103,400
  Rep. Cynthia Lummis [R, WY-0] AYE $97,750
  Rep. Doc Hastings [R, WA-4] AYE $97,171
  Rep. Kevin Brady [R, TX-8] AYE $94,900
  Rep. John Culberson [R, TX-7] AYE $91,550
  Rep. Kay Granger [R, TX-12] AYE $79,850
  Rep. Ted Poe [R, TX-2] AYE $79,700
  Rep. Glenn Thompson [R, PA-5] AYE $73,600
  Rep. William Thornberry [R, TX-13] AYE $68,425
  Rep. Blake Farenthold [R, TX-27] AYE $67,600
  Rep. Mike Coffman [R, CO-6] AYE $61,250
  Rep. Ralph Hall [R, TX-4] AYE $55,208
  Rep. Doug Lamborn [R, CO-5] AYE $39,750
  Rep. Rob Bishop [R, UT-1] AYE $21,750
2nd Rep. John Fleming [R, LA-4] AYE $203,400
  Rep. Mike Ross [D, AR-4] AYE $141,450
  Rep. Bob Gibbs [R, OH-18] AYE $78,800
  Rep. Bill Cassidy [R, LA-6] AYE $77,000
  Rep. Scott Tipton [R, CO-3] AYE $66,250
  Rep. Gregg Harper [R, MS-3] AYE $54,250
  Rep. Todd Platts [R, PA-19] AYE $6,400
3rd Rep. Joe Barton [R, TX-6] AYE $137,270
  Rep. Charles Boustany [R, LA-7] AYE $126,050
  Rep. Stephen Fincher [R, TN-8] AYE $98,050
  Rep. Jim Matheson [D, UT-2] AYE $90,550
  Rep. Jim Costa [D, CA-20] AYE $79,650
  Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R, KS-2] AYE $73,250
  Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R, KS-1] AYE $64,846
  Rep. Michael McCaul [R, TX-10] AYE $63,850
  Rep. Raymond Green [D, TX-29] AYE $62,700
  Rep. Michael Burgess [R, TX-26] AYE $62,150
  Rep. Dan Benishek [R, MI-1] AYE $47,750
  Rep. Louis Gohmert [R, TX-1] AYE $43,150
  Rep. Lou Barletta [R, PA-11] AYE $40,525
  Rep. Morgan Griffith [R, VA-9] AYE $35,150
  Rep. Tom McClintock [R, CA-4] AYE $18,600
4th Rep. Frederick Upton [R, MI-6] AYE $120,700
  Rep. Marsha Blackburn [R, TN-7] AYE $82,750
  Rep. John Barrow [D, GA-12] AYE $80,300
  Rep. John Shimkus [R, IL-19] AYE $80,250
  Rep. Frank Lucas [R, OK-3] AYE $77,250
  Rep. Alan Nunnelee [R, MS-1] AYE $74,550
  Rep. David McKinley [R, WV-1] AYE $62,250
  Rep. Daniel Lungren [R, CA-3] AYE $61,700
  Rep. Edward Whitfield [R, KY-1] AYE $55,500
  Rep. Darrell Issa [R, CA-49] AYE $54,500
  Rep. Rick Crawford [R, AR-1] AYE $38,922
  Rep. Paul Broun [R, GA-10] AYE $28,700
5th Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R, CA-22] AYE $156,100
  Rep. Rodney Alexander [R, LA-5] AYE $64,146
  Rep. Todd Young [R, IN-9] AYE $47,150
  Rep. William Shuster [R, PA-9] AYE $46,250
  Rep. Donald Young [R, AK-0] AYE $37,550
  Rep. Bill Johnson [R, OH-6] AYE $16,750
6th Rep. Peter Sessions [R, TX-32] AYE $90,950
  Rep. Mike Pence [R, IN-6] AYE $68,400
  Rep. Shelley Capito [R, WV-2] AYE $60,750
  Rep. Lee Terry [R, NE-2] AYE $58,150
  Rep. Devin Nunes [R, CA-21] AYE $50,250
  Rep. Adam Kinzinger [R, IL-11] AYE $45,400
  Rep. Geoff Davis [R, KY-4] AYE $42,750
  Rep. John Carter [R, TX-31] NV $40,050
  Rep. Larry Bucshon [R, IN-8] AYE $30,200
7th Rep. Kevin Yoder [R, KS-3] AYE $79,550
  Rep. Lamar Smith [R, TX-21] AYE $56,000
  Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R, TX-19] AYE $47,200
  Rep. Joe Heck [R, NV-3] AYE $41,500
  Rep. Diane Black [R, TN-6] AYE $40,550
  Rep. Charles Gonzalez [D, TX-20] AYE $31,250
  Rep. Michael Simpson [R, ID-2] AYE $31,200
  Rep. Jeff Duncan [R, SC-3] AYE $25,000
  Rep. Kenny Marchant [R, TX-24] AYE $23,900
  Rep. Steve Womack [R, AR-3] AYE $20,219
  Rep. Mike Kelly [R, PA-3] AYE $18,750
8th Rep. Greg Walden [R, OR-2] AYE $78,100
  Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R, TX-5] AYE $72,300
  Rep. Charles Dent [R, PA-15] AYE $56,950
  Rep. Timothy Walberg [R, MI-7] AYE $38,150
  Rep. Brett Guthrie [R, KY-2] AYE $28,400
  Rep. Al Green [D, TX-9] AYE $16,900
9th Rep. Michele Bachmann [R, MN-6] NV $78,420
  Rep. Scott Garrett [R, NJ-5] AYE $42,400
  Rep. Spencer Bachus [R, AL-6] AYE $42,000
  Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R, WA-5] AYE $36,850
  Rep. Steven Chabot [R, OH-1] AYE $36,700
  Rep. Tom Reed [R, NY-29] AYE $32,250
  Rep. John Gingrey [R, GA-11] AYE $27,500
  Rep. Samuel Johnson [R, TX-3] AYE $26,100
  Rep. Joseph Pitts [R, PA-16] AYE $25,000
  Rep. Sue Myrick [R, NC-9] AYE $24,500
  Rep. Trey Gowdy [R, SC-4] AYE $18,250
10th Rep. Eric Cantor [R, VA-7] AYE $144,650
  Rep. Paul Ryan [R, WI-1] AYE $57,000
  Rep. Kristi Noem [R, SD-0] AYE $50,900
  Rep. Jeff Denham [R, CA-19] AYE $33,900
  Rep. Edward Markey [D, MA-7] NOE $32,250
  Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R, MO-4] AYE $30,600
  Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler [R, WA-3] AYE $29,600
  Rep. Charles Bass [R, NH-2] NOE $28,850
  Rep. Henry Cuellar [D, TX-28] AYE $26,300
  Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R, UT-3] AYE $26,000
  Rep. Tom Graves [R, GA-9] AYE $25,500

METHODOLOGY: MapLight analysis of campaign contributions to current members of the U.S. House of Representatives from the Oil & Gas industry, July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2011. Campaign contribution figures and industry classification provided by Top 10 contributing industry groups calculated by MapLight. Contributions from political parties and from other candidates are not included in MapLight's "Top 10" lists.